Academic Competition has an entire set of acronyms and terms that can be confusing at first. We hope this helps!
Academic Bowl- (Quiz bowl, Buzzer Bowl, Scholars Bowl) is a game of questions and answers on topics such as history, literature, and science. It is commonly played by college or high school students, and sometimes middle and elementary school. Participants benefit from exposure to a broad range of school and cultural subjects, memorization and study skills, and an improved ability to cooperate and work in teams.
The game is typically played with a lockout buzzer system between two teams, most commonly consisting of four players each. A moderator reads questions to the teams, whose players endeavor to buzz in first with the correct answer, scoring points for their team. (Wikipedia)
Active Team Member– A member of either academic bowl team at a buzzer during game play.
All State - For high school seniors. Awarded by the Oklahoma Academic Coaches Association to out standing players. A coach must be a member of the OACA to submit their student for the All-State selection process.
Alpha Tournament - 4th Grade Academic Bowl and 5th Grade Academic Bowl have two tournaments. The first tournament is called the Alpha. Each of the groups will select the date and location for the Alpha Tournament. It is usually held after the first of November, but before the first of February.
Area Tournament- Area is the championship tournament for Upper Elementary Academic Bowl. Only the top finishing teams participate in the Area Tournament. Area is the final selection process for the Challenge of the Champions for Mid Level schools.
Beta Tournament - 4th Grade Academic Bowl and 5th Grade Academic Bowl have two tournaments. The second tournament is called the Beta. Each of the groups will select the date and location for the Beta Tournament. It is usually held after the first of January, but before spring break.
Bonus Question – An additional question, in the same subject area, given to a team correctly responding to a toss-up question during academic bowl. Teams may confer on a bonus question. A Bonus Question is worth 10 points. There is not a rebound on bonus questions.
Buzz-in – A buzz-in occurs when a team member presses the individual response device and activates the lock-out system.
Challenge of the Champions - The Challenge of the Champions is the final championship tournament for the OAAC Mid Level Academic Bowl Championship. The top 2 teams from each area are invited to attend the C of C. It is held on the first Saturday following Presidents Day in February.
Curriculum Tournament or Contest - These are written, multiple choice tests in specific subject areas sponsored for high school students by regional colleges and universities. Students placing 1st, 2nd or 3rd at a regional event qualify to attend the High School Tournament of Champions. Some Middle School Invitationals are also called Scholastic Tournaments.
Depth of Knowledge point (DOK) - Froshmore Level ONLY If a student answers a toss-up question on or before a designated point in that question they receive a 5 point bonus. The moderator will indicate the extra points by saying +5. The DOK point and the -5 and +5 are for Froshmore competitions ONLY.
Neg 5- If a student buzzes in before the toss-up question is completed by the moderator and misses the question 5 points are deducted from the score. The moderator will indicate the deduction by saying Neg 5. If a student buzzes in after the question has been completed and answers incorrectly there is NO point deduction. FROSHMORE ONLY~FROSHMORE ONLY The DOK point and the -5 and +5 are for Froshmore competitions ONLY.
District Tournament - District is the first tournament for Mid Level and Upper Elementary academic bowl teams. All teams play in the district tournament.
Elementary Online Team - Students in 5th and 6th grade may participate on an Elementary online team. Students younger than 5th grade may play on an elementary team. Students in grades beyond the 6th may not.
Fifth Grade Academic Bowl –Fifth Grade Academic Bowl is for students in the 5th grade. Younger students may play up on an 5th grade team. Older students may NOT play down.
Students are allowed to play on multiple level teams. e.g.. A 5th grade student may play on a 5th grade team, a UEL team and a ML team.
Fine Arts & LiteratureTournament - covers all fine arts and literature topics. There is a Fine Arts competition for both high school and middle school.
Firebird Tournament - The Firebird is for both Mid Level and Upper Elementary. It is held between regional and area for teams placing 4th - 6th at District then in the top 2 at their Regional tournament. The top team from the Firebird tournament advances to Area.
Fourth Grade Academic Bowl –Fourth Grade Academic Bowl is for students in the 4th grade. Younger students may play up on an 4th grade team. Older students may NOT play down.
Students are allowed to play on multiple level teams. e.g.. A 4th grade student may play on a 4th grade team, a UEL team and a ML team.
Froshmore Academic Bowl –Froshmore Academic Bowl is for students in the 9th and 10th grade. Younger students may play up on a Froshmore team. Older students may NOT play down. Froshmore Academic Bowl is a series of four tournaments and a championship for students in 9th and/or 10th grade. Once the team has been enrolled it will be assigned to a regional group. Froshmore tournaments are subject focused with four subject area tournaments, mathematics, science, social studies and humanities and fine arts. For each subject area tournament, half of the questions are from the focus subject. The other questions are from the 3 remaining subject areas, pop culture and current events. All schools play all four subject area tournaments. A team winning any one of the subject area tournaments is invited to the Froshmore Championship which is usually held the last week-end in March.
Game – In academic bowl, a game is the event played between two teams. A game has 4 quarters.
High School Online Team - Students in 9th - 12th grade may play on a High School Online Team. Students younger than 9th grade may play on a HS team.
High School Tournament of Champions - HSTOC - is the state written test championship for students in 9th - 12th grade. Students must qualify to attend the Tournament of Champions by placing 1st, 2nd or 3rd at a regional college or university curriculum or scholastic tournament or 1st, 2nd or 3rd at an OAAC HSTOCQ Online event.
HSTOCQ - A High School Tournament of Champions Qualifying event. OAAC HSTOCQ is an online event sponsored by the OAAC. Geographic location specific tournaments begin in February.
Lock Out or Buzzer System – A buzzer system is an electronic system used in academic bowl. Each contestant has an individual response device. Once an individual response device has been activated the system will lock out all other responders until the answer has been ruled correct or incorrect.
Mid Level Academic Bowl – Students in 7th and 8th grade may play on a Mid Level Academic Bowl (ML) team. Younger students may play up on an ML team. Older students may NOT play down.
Students are allowed to play on multiple level teams. e.g.. A 5th grade student may play on a 5th grade team, a UEL team and a ML team.
Mid Level Online Team - Students in 7th and 8th grade may play on a Mid Level Online Team. Students younger than 7th grade may play on a mid level team. Students in grades beyond 8th may not.
Moderator – The moderator reads the questions to academic bowl teams and accepts or rejects the answer presented by the team member.
NAQT - National Academic Quiz Tournaments - National Academic Quiz Tournaments organizes national middle school, high school and college quiz bowl championships. Several qualifying events for high school teams are held across Oklahoma. To find out about events in Oklahoma check the OQBA page on facebook
OAAC TOCQ - The OAAC hosts several online Tournament of Champions Qualifying (TOCQ) events over the course of the school year. TOCQ's are for students in the 6th, 7th or 8th grade and will offer tests in current events, humanities and fine arts, language arts, mathematics, science and social studies. A school district may participate in only one OAAC TOCQ per subject and grade. Specific guidelines and dates.
OJABA - Oklahoma Junior High Academic Bowl Association - the other guys.
Oklahoma Academic Coaches Association - OACA was started for the purpose of formalizing a network for academic coaches throughout the state. The Association provides a newsletter, a fall coaches conference, and All-State competition and recognition.
High School academic team coaches are eligible for membership. Middle school, junior high and elementary coaches are eligible for associate membership which entitles them to all the privileges of membership with the exception of nominating students for All-State recognition.
OQBA - Oklahoma Quiz Bowl Alliance - A group of coaches and former players across Oklahoma who sponsor NAQT style competitions for middle school and high school teams. They have a facebook page
Oklahoma Regional Science Bowl - Science bowl is a Department of Energy sponsored event for high school and middle school teams. Questions are over math and science, only. Science Bowl uses a toss-up bonus format. The winning team will qualify to attend National Science Bowl in Washington D.C. at the end of April. The Department of Energy provides the questions and pays for the high school and middle school champion team to attend Nationals. Specific guidelines and dates.
Online Tournament - An Online Tournament is a team event. There is no limit to the size of the team. Team membership may change from one subject area to the next. There are 4 grade levels of competition. Primary - 3rd and 4th grade. Elementary - 5th and 6th grade. Mid Level - 7th and 8th grade. High School - 9th - 12th grade. Each grade level has 5 subject area tournaments; humanities and fine arts, language arts, mathematics, science and social studies. Specific guidelines and dates.
Other TOCQ - Other TOCQ's are Tournament of Champions Qualifying tournaments offered by individual school districts throughout Oklahoma. Schools may attend as many Other TOCQ's as they wish. Specific guidelines and dates
Pairings - A pairing is a list of the academic bowl teams your team will play. Once the enrollment window has closed the pairings will be listed on the OAAC web site. Links will be on the main OAAC page. All enrolled schools will also receive an e-mail and PDF file containing contact information for the schools in your group.
Phoenix Tournament - A consolation tournament for teams not advancing to either the Firebird or Area tournaments. The Phoenix tournament gives your students a chance to prepare for next year.
Playoff Series - For Upper Elementary and Mid Level Academic Bowl. The goal is to identify the top teams from each group. Teams are assigned to one of 4 Districts: District A, District B, District C and District D. All teams play in District. The top 3 teams from District A and District B advance to Region One. The 4th - 6th place teams from District A and District B advance to Region Two. The top 3 teams from District C and District D advance to Region Three. The 4th - 6th place teams from District C and District D advance to Region Four. The top three teams from Region One and Region Three advance to Area. The 4th place team from Region One and Region Three and the top two teams from Region Two and Region Four advance to the Firebird Tournament. The remaining teams from Region will have the opportunity to play in the Phoenix Tournament. To see an example with graphics and brackets click here.
Primary - A Primary Online team may consist of students in 3rd and 4th grade. Students younger than 3rd grade may play on a primary team. Students in grades beyond 4th may not.
Protest – In Academic Bowl - Over Question Content - A protest over question content must be lodged by the team coach at the end of a quarter. Once the new quarter begins, protests over questions in the previous quarter(s) are inadmissible. Over Procedure - If there is a procedural error, the coach may protest at any time by standing. The procedure protest will be addressed immediately.
Regional Tournament - For Upper Elementary and Mid Level academic bowl. All schools play in a regional tournament. Points from a teams district performance against the schools also advancing to your assigned region travel with the team. (see Playoff Structure)
Round Robin - All of the OAAC tournaments use the Round Robin format. All teams attending a tournament will play each of the other teams attending the tournament. If there are 6 teams assigned to a group, each team will play 5 games.
Scholastic Tournaments or Contests- These are written, multiple choice tests in specific subject areas sponsored for high school students by regional colleges and universities. Students placing 1st, 2nd or 3rd at a regional event qualify to attend the High School Tournament of Champions. Some Middle School Invitationals are also called Curricular Tournaments.
Team – An academic bowl team consists of four active members and substitutes. For awards purposes, 8 members will constitute a team. A team may have more than 8 members but will have to purchase additional awards for all members over 8. If necessary, a team may play with fewer than 4 members.
Team Captain – The designated team member who will give the answer to a bonus question. A team captain may defer to another team member by saying ‘defer’ or otherwise indicating the answer will be given by someone other than the captain.
Team Member – A member of an academic team must be a student within the grade parameters enrolled at the school district for which they are competing. A younger student may play up to the next level. An older student may NOT play down.
TOC - The Tournament of Champions acronym.
TOC Scholar - The TOC Scholar Cup is an award given to the top individual in the TOC Scholar competition. To be eligible to test as a TOC Scholar a student must qualify for the TOC in 4 different subject areas. The student then takes tests for the subjects for which they qualified and a 200 question scholar test. The student named 6th, 7th or 8th grade TOC Scholar will be the student with the highest score on the scholar test.
TOCQ - Tournament of Champions Qualifying event. There are two types of qualifying events. OAAC TOCQ is an online event sponsored by the OAAC. Other TOCQ are events hosted by individual school districts.
Toss-up Question – A toss-up question is a free response question in academic bowl. Any active team member from either team may buzz-in and respond to the question. Each team will be allowed only one attempt at a toss-up question. Team members may not confer on a toss-up question. Toss-up questions are built in pyramid format with decreasing difficulty as the question progresses. A toss-up question is worth 10 points. If the question is missed by the first team to buzz in, the opposing team may rebound the question.
Tournament of Champions - The Tournament of Champions is the state written test championship for students in 6th, 7th and 8th grade. Students must qualify to attend the Tournament of Champions by placing 1st, 2nd or 3rd in mathematics, science, social studies, humanities and fine arts, current events or language arts at a qualifying event.
Upper Elementary Academic Bowl – Students in 5th and 6th grade may play on an Upper Elementary Academic Bowl (UEL) team. Younger students may play up on an UEL team. Older students may NOT play down. Students are allowed to play on multiple level teams. e.g.. A 5th grade student may play on a 5th grade team, a UEL team and a ML team
Question Unit-- A question unit consists of a toss-up question and the related bonus question.